2013 Full-Year Results

Performance adversely affected by the morose economic environment. Initial benefits from strategic initiatives.

  • Operating margin of 171 million euros or 3.6% of sales at constant metal prices. After adjustments for non-recurring impacts, margin of 141 million euros or 3% of sales;
  • Net loss (Group share) of 333 million euros, reflecting the recognition of restructuring provisions and costs and net asset impairment for
    310 million euros in total. In this context, no dividend will be proposed to the Annual Shareholders' Meeting;
  • Net debt of 337 million euros, including the impact of a 284 million euro rights issue carried out in November 2013. Excluding this impact, net debt remained stable year on year;
  • Initial effects recorded resulting from the launch of strategic initiatives aimed at transforming the Group;
  • Operating margin expected to increase in 2014.
  • 2015 plan revised: weighted average annual growth over 2014-2015 of 4.5% to 5.5% of sales at constant metal prices and in 2015, an operating margin of 5.1% to 5.7% and return on capital employed above 9% taking into account current market conditions;
  • Nexans Board of Directors requests that the strategic plan be implemented with determination. The Board unanimously confirms its confidence in the management team led by Frédéric Vincent to implement it.


Paris, February 11, 2014 - At its meeting on February 10, 2014, the Nexans Board of Directors, chaired by Frédéric Vincent, approved the Group's financial statements for 2013.


Sales for 2013 totaled 6.711 billion euros compared with 7.178 billion euros in 2012. At constant non-ferrous metal prices, the sales figure was 4.689 billion euros, representing an organic decrease of 2.1% 1 versus the 4.872 billion euro figure recorded for 2012. This contraction reflects the combined impacts of the following factors:

  • The continued strong progression in the Group's submarine transmission operations (sales up 13%) and advances in emerging markets since the second half of 2013 (up 2%).
  • The sharp slowdown in Europe – particularly in France – in cables for Distributors & Installers and for the large power utilities.
  • A difficult environment in North America (Canada) and Australia.

However, in the fourth quarter of the year Group sales were up slightly on both the third quarter of 2013 (1.1% higher) and the fourth quarter of 2012 (0.5% higher).

Operating margin came to 171 million euros (versus 202 million euros in 2012), including the 30 million euro one-off positive impact of reversing pension benefit provisions in Norway and the United States following the liquidation or freezing of defined benefit plans. Consequently, the recurring portion of operating margin amounted to 141 million euros. EBITDA came to 316 millions euros (286 million euros excluding the one-off effect of pension provision reversals).
From the a standpoint of business segments, the decrease in operating margin was largely due to weak low-voltage cable markets for Distributors & Installers (North America and Australia).
From a geographical standpoint, operating margin was down in European low- and medium-voltage power utilities markets, North-American D&I and Oil&Gas and Australian D&I cables markets. Conversely, industrial markets in Asia and high-voltage cable markets posted solid growth.

The Group ended 2013 with an operating loss of 182 million euros compared with operating income of 142 million euros in 2012. Restructuring provisions and costs amounted to 180 million euros (159 million euros higher than in 2012) and primarily concerned reorganization plans and projects in Europe and in the Asia-Pacific region. Asset impairment rose to 130 million euros (+110 million euros versus 2012). The 2013 total mainly relates to an 80 million euro impairment recognized at June 30, 2013 on assets held by the Group's Australian subsidiary Olex, as well as write-downs of assets classified as held for sale in Egypt and Argentina.

The Group recorded a net financial expense of 109 million euros in 2013 compared with 112 million euros the previous year. At 90 million euros, the cost of net debt in 2013 was on a par with 2012.

Although it reported a loss of 291 million euros before tax, the Group recorded an income tax expense of 39 million euros in 2013 compared with 5 million euros in 2012 reflecting the recognition of a minor/limited amount of deferred tax assets related to restructuring provisions and asset impairment.

In view of the above factors, the Group posted an attributable net loss of 333 million euros for 2013 versus attributable net income of 27 million euros for 2012.

Consolidated net debt was scaled back to 337 million euros at December 31, 2013 from 606 million euros one year earlier, reflecting the impact of the rights issue carried out on November 8, 2013 which allowed the Group to bolster equity and enhance agility in pursuing its strategic initiatives. Excluding this impact, the Group's debt was on a par with the previous year's figure thanks to a decrease in working capital that mainly stemmed from the upswing in the Group's submarine transmission business.

As announced October 15, 2013, the Group conducted a detailed review of its activities and strategic initiatives for 2015: turnaround in high voltage, reducing fixed costs, variable costs reduction, innovation program and growth initiatives.
In parallel, the Group now believes that adverse economic conditions that have affected its performance in 2013 particularly in the second half will slow down the worldwide progression of the cable markets in the medium term and will have an impact on the pace and extent of certain strategic initiatives , especially growth initiatives.

The 2013-2015 strategic plan is therefore adjusted to incorporate a weighted average annual sales growth at constant metal in the order of 4.5 to 5.5% per year and in 2015, an operating margin of 5.1 to 5.7% of sales at constant metal prices and a return on capital employed over 9%. It is reminded that the initial objectives of February 2013 had a weighted average annual growth of sales of 5 to 6% for 2013 to 2015 and in 2015, an operating margin of 6.2% to 7.1% of sales (350  to 400 million euros) and a return on capital employed of 10.1 to 11.6%.

Nexans Board of Directors requests that the strategic plan be implemented with determination. The Board unanimously confirms its confidence in the management team led by Frédéric Vincent to implement it

Commenting on the perspectives, Frédéric Vincent, Chairman and CEO, said:

«Prospects for 2015 are for a significant increase in the Group's performance, even if they are lower than the initial plan due in particular to market changes.

This future progress depends on the rollout of numerous strategic initiatives, the initial benefits of which are feeding through in our improved competitiveness, lower variable costs and the turnaround in certain businesses. This is particularly the case for the submarine transmission cables sector, where we have already made a very good start to the performance improvement process, both from an operational perspective and in terms of backlog.

In addition, the reorganization project aimed at restoring the Group's competitive edge in Europe that was presented to the employee representative bodies on October 15, 2013 is progressing: the opinion of the European Works Council was received in early December 2013, and agreements have been signed with employee representatives in two countries, while negotiations and consultations are ongoing in the three other countries concerned by the project.

All of these measures are being implemented within the framework of a strengthened governance structure. This includes a new position of Chief Operating Officer, who has been put in charge of all of the Group's operating activities, and the creation of a Transformation Program Office designed to monitor the rollout of the Group's various strategic initiatives.

In 2014, the Group therefore expects to see an increase in its operating margin. In addition, the implementation of the reorganization measures – notably the restructuring plans – would have an impact on the net debt (not including the effect of the potential fine that may be imposed by the EU competition authorities).”


2013 Key figures

(in millions of euros) At constant non-ferrous metal prices
   2012 2013
Sales 4,872 4,689
Operating margin 202 171
Operating margin rate as a % of sales 4.2% 3.6%
Net income/(loss) -Group share 27 (333)
Diluted earnings/ (loss) per share (in euros) 0.90 (10.66)


Analysis by division

Breakdown of sales by business segment

  2012 2013   Organic growth
(in millions of euros) At constant non-ferrous
metal prices
At constant non-ferrous
metal prices
Transmission, Distribution & Operators 2,088 2,034   -1.3%
Industry 1,195 1,222   1.4%
Distributors and Installers 1,285 1,155   -6.3%
Other 304 278    
Group total 4,872 4,689   -2.1%


Operating margin by business segment

(in millions of euros) 2012 2013
Transmission, Distribution & Operators 70 70
Industry 44 42
Distributors and Installers 78 37
Other 10 22
Group total 202 171



Distributors & Installers

The Distributors & Installers division posted sales of 1,155 million euros for 2013 at constant non-ferrous metal prices, down 6.3% year-on-year on an organic basis.

  • Power cables

Sales of cables for construction contracted by 4.8% overall, including different trends between mature countries (Europe, North America and Australia) and emerging countries (South America, MERA area, Korea).

In Europe, business contracted on an organic basis in the first three quarters of the year but swung up in the last three months, with organic growth of more than 7% compared with the previous year (and almost 8% sequentially). This improved performance in the fourth quarter was fueled by a better operating context in Southern Europe and sales that began to stabilize in Scandinavia.

The recovery in the residential sector in the United States was not sufficient to offset the effect of the lackluster market in Canada, where there was a double-digit fall in sales as a result of a deterioration in the industrial construction sector, particularly for shale oil operations.

In South America, after sharp growth in the first half, sales slowed in the second six months of the year in the region's various countries, especially Brazil, resulting in an overall 2% sales rise for the year as a whole.

In the MERA Area, business remained robust in Turkey but slowed in Morocco.

Lastly, in Australia (where the Group's positioning is focused on cables for mining infrastructure) demand dropped significantly at the beginning of 2013 and remained very weak throughout the course of the year. Meanwhile, business levels in Korea remained stable.

  • Data cables

The situation was difficult in the data cables business in the United States in 2013, both because certain market segments slowed during the year and also because the Group’s business was in a transition period following the agreement signed in the second quarter to set up an alliance with Leviton.

As a result of the above mentioned factors, the Distributors & Installers business reported an operating margin of 37 million euros in 2013, representing 3.2% of sales at constant metal prices, compared with 78 million euros in 2012.



In 2013, sales for the Industry business segment amounted to 1,222 million euros at constant non-ferrous metal prices compared with 1,195 million euros in 2012, representing organic growth of 1.4%. Performance was mixed, however, across the regions and markets.

Momentum remained brisk in the automotive harness business, which has seen sales rise for six consecutive quarters thanks to strong demand from German customers and the development of a more extensive and innovative offering.

Performance in the rest of the transport sector was driven by buoyant showings from the aeronautical and railroad businesses in Europe – sectors which delivered double-digit growth – as well as for the sea transport sector in Asia.

Sales in the energy resources sector were severely affected by weak demand from the mining industry, particularly in Australia. Meanwhile, in the Oil&Gas sector, a tendency in North America towards using existing underground wells rather than building offshore platforms – which are more costly – resulted in significant postponements to projects as well as an increase in the weighting of Maintenance, Repair and Operations (MRO) within the sales figure. In other regions, however, several contracts were signed for offshore projects, notably in Korea, Brazil and the North Sea, which offset the lackluster market in North America.

The renewable energy sector enjoyed very positive trends in 2013, mainly reflecting the development of wind power in Brazil.

The situation remained difficult in the other industrial applications segments, particularly in Europe, although there was an upturn in the fourth quarter for automation cables and for certain niche markets with development potential such as the medical sector.

Overall, operating margin for the Industry business segment was slightly lower than in 2012 as a percentage of sales (3.4% versus 3.7%) at 42 million euros, confirming the relevance of the project for reorganizing production operations in Europe.


Transmission, Distribution & Operators

Sales generated by the Transmission, Distribution & Operators segment amounted to 2,034 million euros at constant non-ferrous metal prices, down 1.3% on an organic basis. The picture was extremely mixed across the segment's different markets, with a sharp downturn in distribution, a good momentum in telecommunication operators business, a significant contraction in land high-voltage operations and another period of robust momentum for submarine high-voltage cables.

  • Distribution

Sales to power utilities retreated by 5%, with a particularly marked decrease in the third quarter, notably in France where the period-on-period decline reached 15% due to further moves by operators (especially ERDF) to reduce their capital expenditure. Business levels in Southern Europe and Germany stabilized but were still low and price pressure was strong in those regions. In the MERA Area, the robust performance delivered by Lebanon was not sufficient to offset the impact of the extremely tense situation in Egypt (where the Group is in the process of selling its assets).

As expected, in South America the Group enjoyed strong growth during the second half of 2013 as a result of the delivery of overhead power line projects in Brazil and ongoing positive trends in Chile and Peru.

In the Asia-Pacific region, business volumes continued to grow briskly in China, and Korea reported exceptionally high sales levels. Conversely, the operating environment was extremely competitive in Australia.

Despite weak demand from power utilities, the Accessories business held firm, primarily thanks to the innovation initiatives put in place.

  • Operators

Sales for the Operators business were up by nearly 5% in 2013, propelled by very high demand for fiber in Europe, where the majority of this segment's sales are generated.

  • Land high-voltage cables

The land high-voltage business reported negative organic growth of 18% compared with 2012, reflecting the Group's significantly smaller presence in the Middle East and the unsettled political environment in the region.

The order book amounted to 250 million euros at end-2013, representing around one year of sales.

The China-based Yanggu plant is currently undergoing modernization with a view to achieving certification for the Australian market.

In the United States, production at the Charleston plant is expected to start up as planned in the third quarter of 2014.

  • Submarine high-voltage cables

This business performed in line with its recovery plan, with sales up 13% on 2012.

Umbilical cables saw very sharp growth, led by the framework agreement signed with British Petroleum in 2012.

The order book for submarine high-voltage cables currently represents two years' worth of sales.

Overall, operating margin for the Transmission, Distribution & Operators segment totaled 70 million euros in 2013, representing 3.5% of sales. This figure – which was unchanged from 2012 – reflects the combined impacts of a steep increase in the margin for submarine high-voltage operations and a sharp decrease in sales volumes and, consequently in the margins for the distribution and land high-voltage businesses in Europe.


Other activities

The “Other activities” segment refers to Electrical Wires activity and other activity not allocated to the business sectors.
Sales generated by this segment in 2013 totaled 740 million euros at current metal prices, or 278 million euros at constant metal prices representing an organic decrease of 3.3% compared to 2012.This is mainly due to lower external sales of copper wirerods.

Operating margin recorded by the "Other activities" segment reached 22 million euros and includes a 30 million euro one-off impact of reversing pension benefit provisions in Norway and the United States.


Financial calendar

  • May 6, 2014:  2014 First-quarter financial information
  • May 15, 2014: Annual Shareholders' Meeting
  • July 25, 2014:  2014 First-Half Year results


Readers are also invited to log on to the Group's website where they can view and download the presentation of the annual results to analysts and the 2013 financial statements and Management Report, which include a description of the Group's risk factors. These risk factors notably include the risks related to investigations launched by the competition authorities in Europe, the United States, Canada, Brazil, Australia and South Korea (in addition to ongoing investigations into local operations) for alleged anticompetitive behavior in the sector of submarine and underground power cables. An unfavorable outcome of these investigations as well as the associated consequences could have a material adverse effect on the results and thus the financial position of the Group, even excluding the potential fine that may be imposed by the European Commission. Nexans France SAS has recorded a 200 million euro provision in its company financial statements (which has also been recorded in the consolidated financial statements since June 30, 2011) for the fine that may be imposed on it following the Statement of Objections received from the European Commission's Directorate General for Competition on July 5, 2011.

In accordance with the AMF's recommendation of February 5, 2010, Nexans hereby specifies that the audit procedures for the financial statements referred to in this press release have been carried out and the auditors' report on their certification is in the process of being issued.

This press release contains forward-looking statements which are subject to various risks and uncertainties that could affect the Company's future performance. Actual results could therefore differ significantly from those currently expected or anticipated.
In addition to risk factors, the main uncertainties for 2014 concern the following:

  • The realization of cost-savings plans in Europe and Asia
  • The operating performance of the high voltage business, in particular compliance with delivery lead times and successful results of tests requested by customers, as well as positive outcomes for claims management procedures related to turnkey projects.
  • A sufficient level of demand and prices being maintained in Europe and North America.
  • The economic environment in certain emerging markets (China, Brazil).
  • The potential impact in 2014 of the antitrust investigations begun in 2009, consistent with the accounting options applied by the Group.
  • The Group's ability to integrate newly-acquired entities, leverage its partnerships and carry out its planned divestments in the best conditions.
  • Increased customer credit risks, which in some cases cannot be insured, or fully insured, in Southern Europe and North Africa and in some customer segments in China.


Download the Appendices

  1. Consolidated income statement
  2. Consolidated statement of comprehensive income
  3. Consolidated statement of financial position
  4. Consolidated statement of cash flows
  5. Information by reportable segment
  6. Information by major geographical area
  7. Information by major customer




1 - 2012 sales correspond to sales at constant non-ferrous metal prices, adjusted for the effects of exchange rates and changes in the scope of consolidation.


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